Migration

At the 110th CIT in Geneva, India advocates planned labor migration

India has advocated for planned migration and labor mobility at a high-level roundtable organized by the International Labor Organization (ILO) on the sidelines of the current 110th International Labor Conference (ILC) in Geneva .

Organized within the framework of the ILO World of Work Summit, the discussion focused on “Addressing multiple global crises: promoting people-centred recovery and resilience”.

India said labor mobility has become imperative due to demographic changes in the world. Presenting the case of India, the Minister of Labor and Employment, Bhupender Yadav, highlighted the need for global skills mapping to facilitate the mobility of skilled labor across the globe.

Participants discussed the challenges facing the world of work, such as growing inequalities, demographic realities, uneven technological progress, informality and climate change.

The Minister dwelt at length on the measures that India has taken to combat informality and to provide social security to workers in the informal sector. He mentioned the e-shram portal for the registration of informal workers and the establishment of social security funds for the financing of their social security.

He also spoke about the future of work, digital transformation, workers on construction sites and platforms and the measures taken in the Labor Code for the protection of their rights and well-being.

Yadav pointed out that India has in recent years introduced simplified technologies and systems so that every worker enjoys dignity and choice of employment with social security. The Indian government provides a unique universal account number to every worker, whether in the formal or informal sector, to serve as a portable identity for the continued enjoyment of labor rights.

India highlighted Labor Demand Surveys, Migrant and Domestic Workers to address the specific needs of these workers in the country for evidence-based policy making and to ensure service provision to workers on the last mile. Given the emerging platform for the economy and odd jobs, workers are for the first time entitled to receive social security benefits through a dedicated social security fund. India has made significant reforms to improve women’s labor force participation rate. The duration of maternity leave has been increased from 12 weeks to 26 weeks.